Pollensa citizens are rightly proud of their city. The peaks of the Sierra de Tramuntana mountains and their foothills leading down to Cap de Formentor, the fertile plains and the sea are all part of the scene that describes Pollensa. They are also proud of the fertility of their fields and the town has always led very productive agriculture.
The development of Pollensa is closely linked to the history of Alcudia. When Quintus Caecilius Metellus conquered the island for Rome in 121 BC he landed in Puerto de Alcudia and described a rich and flourishing colony which he called Pollentia. Although the capital of the area from the Roman era right up to the present day is Alcudia.
This is possibly the reason why there is little evidence of Roman rule in Pollensa, unlike in Alcudia. The Roman bridge of Sant Jordi Torrente was built in 500 AC, at a time when the Roman empire had almost become extinct. The Arabs conquered Pollentia and renamed it Al Kudia, “the hill.”
From 1400 onwards when pirate attacks from the sea became more and more unbearable, the Alcudia population left the city to take refuge in the mountains. In memory of the Roman Pollentia the new town was named Pollensa.
Today the town has a population of 15,000. Every year on the 2nd of August is the great battle between Moors and Christians which reminds the locals of the attack by pirates in 1550, which was successfully repelled by the citizens of Pollensa. The hero of the battle was Joan Mas, who beat the Ottoman corsair Dragut. The tomb of the victorious hero in this bloody battle for the town can be visited at the convent.
The Dominican convent is one of the most visited monuments in the town. In the cloister of the Convent de Sant Domènech there is a monument to Philip Newman, founder of the famous Pollensa Music Festival in 1962.
The small chapel of Roser Vell was the first church of the Dominicans, who built it in 1406 to commemorate the founding of the place.
But there are more churches in Pollensa. The original parish church is first cited in 1248 in the archives of Rome. In the eighteenth century the local Pollensina built the present parish of Nostra Senyora dels Angels. Montesión church was built by the Jesuits in the seventeenth century and was then desecrated after their expulsion from the island but restored in the late nineteenth through by an initiative of Miquel Costa i Llobera, a poet who lived from 1854 to 1922.
Pollensa is a charming little town, a successful blend of old and new found in the original traditional Mallorca and the middle class. There is even more to say about Pollensa, for example the school to which he belonged Pollensina Dionís Bennàssar or the Vicens Marti Museum. This town is a place in the Northwest of the island that is very rich in history and stories, which is a good reason to revisit it again and again.
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